Author Guidelines

Welcome
We invite your submission to Journal of Water and Energy Security. Submission, formatting and other author information follows.

Types of Papers

Journal of Water and Energy Security considers the following types of articles for publication.

Full Length Article: Full length articles (about 2500 up to 5000 words) are original, high-quality,
research papers presenting novel scientific, policy, management and related findings.

Review: Subject-matter reviews (5000 to 7000 words) are invited by the Editors. A Review is a
state-of-the-art overview of a specific area or topic that presents a comprehensive review of
the relevant issue. Authors who wish to submit (or suggest) a Review should contact the
Editor-in-Chief and send an outline, a CV, a list of publications, plus the names of potential reviewers.

Before You Submit

Policy and ethics
The work described in your article must be 75 percent original and shall be your own
and that of your co-author(s). The remaining 25 percent of a submitted paper can be
a part of a work or data source(s) where you are adding to the work, arguing or presenting
another scientific possibility.

Conflict of interest
All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest
including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations regarding submitted articles.

Submission declaration and verification
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously
(except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis or
as an electronic preprint), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere,
that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible
authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published
elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically
without written consent of the copyright-holder. To verify originality, your article may be
checked by our staff and breach of copyright team. Further, all correspondence will be with
the corresponding author only as listed at time of article submission.

Changes to authorship
This policy concerns the addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in the authorship of accepted manuscripts:

Before the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue: Requests to add or remove
an author, or to rearrange the author names, must be sent to the Journal from the
corresponding author of the accepted manuscript and must include: (a) the reason
the name should be added or removed, or the author names rearranged and (b) written
confirmation (e-mail, fax, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition,
removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes
confirmation from the author being added or removed. Requests that are not sent by the
corresponding author will be forwarded by the Journal to the corresponding author,
who must follow the procedure as described above. Note that: (1) Journal of Water and
Energy Security Editors will be informed of any such requests and (2) publication of the
accepted manuscript in an online issue is suspended until authorship has been agreed upon.

After the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue, any requests to add,
delete, or rearrange author names in an article published in an online issue will
not receive further consideration.

Copyright
Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a ‘Journal Publishing Agreement’.
Acceptance of the agreement will ensure the widest possible dissemination of information.
An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript
together with a ‘Journal Publishing Agreement’ form or a link to the online version of this agreement.

Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or prepare lists of articles including
abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions. Permission of the Publisher
is required for resale or for distribution outside the institution and for all other
derivative works, including compilations and translations. If excerpts from other copyrighted
works are included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners
and credit the source(s) in the article.

Retained author rights
As an author you (or your employer or institution) retains certain rights.

Role of the funding source
You are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of
the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of
the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation
of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for
publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated.

Funding Body Agreements and Policies

Open access
This journal offers authors a choice in publishing their research:

Open Access

  • Articles are freely available to both subscribers and the wider public with permitted reuse
  • An Open Access publication fee is payable by authors or their research funder.
    Fees issues are discussed in our “publication fees” section.

Subscription

  • Articles are made available to subscribers, lesser developed countries, and collaborative groups through our access programs
  • No Open Access publication fee
    Your publication choice will have no effect on the peer review process or acceptance of your submission.

All articles published Open Access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone
to read and download from our Web site. Permitted reuse is defined by your choice of one
of the following Creative Commons user licenses:

Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY): lets others distribute and copy the article,
to create extracts, abstracts, and other revised versions, adaptations or derivative works
of or from an article (such as a translation), to include in a collective work (such as an
anthology), to text or data mine the article, even for commercial purposes, as long as they
credit the author(s), do not represent the author as endorsing their adaptation of the article,
and do not modify the article in such a way as to damage the author’s honor or reputation.

Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-ShareAlike (CC-BY-NC-SA): for non-commercial
purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, to create extracts, abstracts and other
revised versions, adaptations or derivative works of or from an article (such as a translation),
to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), to text and data mine the article,
as long as they credit the author(s), do not represent the author as endorsing their adaptation of
the article, do not modify the article in such a way as to damage the author’s honor or reputation,
and license their new adaptations or creations under identical terms (CC-BY-NC-SA).

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC-BY-NC-ND): for non-commercial purposes,
lets others distribute and copy the article, and to include in a collective work (such as an anthology),
as long as they credit the author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article.

To provide Open Access, this journal has a publication fee which needs to be met by the authors or their
research funders for each article published Open Access. Your publication choice will have no effect
on the peer review process or acceptance of submitted articles.

Data object identifier (DOI)- DOI is mechanism of Internet persistence that allows the publication
to have an ability to be retrieved for the life of its existence or in our case 5 years of use for
which we would charge for permanent archive services of $25 a year per author.

The publication fee for this journal for open access is a flat rate
of $1800.00 (USD) per article once accepted (see “publication fees” section).

Language (usage and editing services)
Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these).
Authors who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible
grammatical or spelling errors and to conform to correct scientific English should find a
professional editor to examine his or her work.

Submission

Submission to this journal is via email. In the subject line of the email, please put:
Article Submission for Journal of Water and Energy Security: Brief Paper Title.
All correspondence, including notification of the Editor’s decision and requests for revision,
takes place by e-mail removing the need for a paper trail. Article formatting guidelines, etc. follow below.

Submit your article
Please submit your article via email to journal@jwaes.org

Referees
Please submit, with the manuscript, the names, addresses and e-mail addresses of three potential referees.
Note that the editor retains the sole right to decide whether or not the suggested reviewers will be used.

The Editors first evaluate all manuscripts. Those rejected at this stage are insufficiently original,
have serious scientific flaws, have poor grammar or English language, or are outside the Aims
and Scope of the journal. Those that meet the minimum criteria are passed on to two and often three
subject matter experts for review. Referees advise the Editors, who are responsible for the final
decision to accept or reject the article. Note: The Editor decision to accept or reject a potential article is final.

Manuscript Preparation
All papers showing experiments must include a thorough formal experimental error analysis,
including the errors in all measured variables and presented parameters, description of the
instruments used, the way they are employed, calibration, etc. All papers using computational
models must include a thorough formal error analysis, such as validation with respect to reality
and overall calculation of the errors in all conservation and other principles used. In the case
of numerical modeling, the error analysis may include discussion of such items as solution convergence,
grid dependence, error of satisfaction of conservation laws, or others as appropriate for the problem
and solution method.

The Editors strongly advise that all first time authors, BEFORE submitting their manuscript,
ensure that they have consulted their manager, professor, and or an experienced colleague
about the text and structure of the manuscript. This generally helps speed the review and
publication and reduces the chance that a manuscript is rejected or returned due to being
incomplete or not prepared according to the standards of the Journal.

Use of word-processing software
It is important that the file be saved in the native format of the word-processor used.
Journal of Water and Energy Security prefers Microsoft Word documents in .doc or .docx format.
Another program, free of charge, which can save this format adequately, is Open Office
(www.openoffice.org) if the author(s) does not have Microsoft Word. Open Office is available
free of charge and is an open source software.

The text should be in single-column format. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible.
Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. In particular,
do not use the word-processor’s options to justify text or to hyphenate words. However, do use
bold face, italics, subscripts, superscripts etc. When preparing tables, if you are using a
table grid, use only one grid for each individual table and not a grid for each row. If no
grid is used, use tabs, not spaces, to align columns. The electronic text should be prepared
in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts. Note that source files of figures,
tables and text graphics will be required as separate additional files, even if you embed your
figures in the text.

To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the ‘spell-check’ and ‘grammar-check’ functions of your word processor.

Article structure

Publication Reference Style
Author(s) are required to utilize the Chicago 15th Style or newer for references, footnotes, etc.
throughout the article. This style places these items at the bottom of the page on which they are
cited. The style is explained in greater detail below.

Subdivision – numbered sections
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should
be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, …), 1.2, etc. (the executive summary is not
included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing:
do not just refer to ‘the text’. Any subsection may be given a brief heading.
Each heading should appear on its own separate line.

Appendices
If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc.
Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.;
in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.

Essential Title Page Information
Title should be concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems.
Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.

Author names and affiliations.
Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly.
Present the authors’ affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names.
Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author’s
name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation,
including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.

Corresponding Author.
Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication,
also post-publication. Ensure that phone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in
addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address. Contact details must be kept up
to date by the corresponding author.

Present/permanent Address.
If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time,
a ‘Present address’ (or ‘Permanent address’) may be indicated as a footnote to that author’s name.
The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address.
Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.

Executive Summary
A concise and factual executive summary is required. It should state briefly the purpose of the
research, the principal results and major conclusions, recommendations, etc. The executive summary
may not exceed 250 words. An executive summary is often presented separately from the article, so it
must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, cite
the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if
essential they must be defined at their first mention in the executive summary itself. Note that
articles for this journal are for policy makers, governance, managers, and others who will not
generally have the scientific knowledge of the author(s) and thus, the journal utilizes and executive
summary, written, as in the paper, in more professional, yet not completely scientific terms.

Highlights
Highlights are mandatory for this journal. They consist of a short collection of bullet points
that convey the core findings of the article and should be included in appropriate places within the manuscript.

Abbreviations
Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote to be placed on the first
page of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined
at their first mention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations
throughout the article.

Acknowledgements
Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article and do not include
them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List those individuals who
provided assistance during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or
proof reading the article, etc.).

Math formulae
Present simple formulae in the line of normal text where possible and use the solidus (/)
instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., X/Y. In principle, variables
are to be presented in italics. Powers of e are often more conveniently denoted by exp.
Number consecutively any equations that need to be displayed separately from the text
(if referred to explicitly in the text).

Footnotes
Footnotes should be used sparingly. Number them consecutively throughout the article,
using superscript Arabic numbers. Many word-processors build footnotes into the text and this
feature may be used. Should this not be the case, indicate the position of footnotes in
the text and present the footnotes themselves separately at the end of the article.
Table footnotes – indicate each footnote in a table with a superscript lowercase letter.

Artwork

Electronic artwork
General points

  • Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork.
  • Embed the used fonts if the application provides that option.
  • Aim to use the following fonts in your illustrations: Arial, Courier, Times New Roman, Symbol, or use fonts that look similar.
  • Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.
  • Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files.
  • Provide captions to illustrations separately.
  • Size the illustrations close to the desired dimensions of the printed version.
  • Submit each illustration as a separate file.

Formats
If your electronic artwork is created in a Microsoft Office application (Word, PowerPoint, Excel)
then please supply ‘as is’ in the native document format. Journal of Water and Energy Security
prefers .jpg format for all figures and tables (minimum resolution of at least 300 dpi for clarity – see below),
especially those not constructed within the native document format. Regardless of the application used other
than Microsoft Office, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please ‘Save as’ or convert the images
to one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones,
and line/halftone combinations given below):

EPS (or PDF): Vector drawings, embed all used fonts.

TIFF (or JPEG): Color or grayscale photographs (halftones), keep to a minimum of 300 dpi.

TIFF (or JPEG): Bitmapped (pure black & white pixels) line drawings, keep to a minimum of 1000 dpi.

TIFF (or JPEG): Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale), keep to a minimum of 500 dpi.

Please do not:

  • Supply files that are optimized for screen use (e.g., GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); these typically
    have a low number of pixels and limited set of colors;
  • Supply files that are too low in resolution;
  • Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.

Color artwork
Please make sure that artwork files are in an acceptable format (TIFF (or JPEG), EPS (or PDF),
or MS Office files) and with the correct resolution. Because the journal is online, there is no
charge for color figures, etc. However, all figures must be pulled into your document as soon after
mention as feasible with proper figure, table and other headings as prescribed herein.

Figure captions
Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately and at the top of
each figure, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title
(not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the
illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.

Text graphics
Text graphics may be embedded in the text at the appropriate position.

Tables
Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text.
Place footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with superscript
lowercase letters. Avoid vertical rules. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that
the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.
The table heading/title should appear directly above each table.

References

Citation in text
Journal of Water and Energy Security uses the Chicago-Style reference format,
which means that each reference appears directly at the bottom of the page it is
on for easy access to readers. There is no separate reference list given at the
end of the article because of this. Please ensure that every reference cited in the
text is formatted according to Chicago-Style guidelines. If you are not familiar
with this style, please consult http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html.
Also, Journal of Water and Energy Security recommends using Endnote (www.Endnote.com) or
similar bibliographic management software (see below), also present in the reference list
(and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished
results and personal communications are not recommended, but if used should be cited accordingly.
Citation of a reference as ‘in press’ implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

Web references
As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed.
Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.),
should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list)
under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.

References in a special issue
Please ensure that the words ‘this issue’ are added to any references in the list
(and any citations in the text) to other articles in the same Special Issue.

Reference management software
This journal has standard templates available in key reference management packages EndNote
(http://www.endnote.com/support/enstyles.asp) and Reference Manager (http://refman.com/support/rmstyles.asp).
Using plug-ins to word-processing packages, authors only need to select the appropriate style template when
preparing their article and the list of references and citations to these will be formatted according to the
journal style which is described below.

Reference style
Use Chicago-Style references (http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html) and
all references to be placed at bottom of page, not in separate list at end of document.

MORE SPECIFIC SUBMISSION GUIDELINES
Line number all lines for each page, numbering to begin anew for each page and,
all double spaced for ease of review. General format is as follows:

Paper Title

Author(s) names

Executive Summary
Executive summary should not exceed 250 words.

Introduction
Should begin on second page after executive summary.

First Paragraph after major heading(s) (do not indent, nor are subsequent paragraphs indented).

Next Paragraph (insert blank line between each/all paragraph(s)

All lines of document are to be single spaced only (this works since most reviewers use ‘track changes’ for their editorial/technical review).

Use Chicago 15th Style for footnotes. Use of Endnote is a good way to maintain and
update your reference library for your manuscripts, but not required.

Font size and style: (1) all main-body fonts are to be Calibri 12 points; (2) all main headers,
such as introduction, background, etc. are to be Calibri 14 points and bold; all footnotes and
endnotes are to be Calibri 10 point.

If you use a direct quote in your document, it should be “within quotes and the entire quote in italics.” Avoid using too many of these.

Place all figures and tables as soon after mention in text as possible. Also, include tables and
figures in separate and individual files when you submit your article. This is required for ease
of review and publication purposes.

If using Microsoft Word, Use References > Insert Footnote to insert all of your footnotes/references.
If you use Endnote, it will expedite this process since you can simply highlight your footnote
and then click insert to minimize labor.

Limit you paper length to not more than 20 pages total, including title and executive summary pages.
This will ensure that original research is about the 5,000 word limit. All papers going exceeding
this limit will be charged $100 per page for each page over 20 pages.

Chicago 15th Referencing Basics
The examples in this guide are meant to introduce you to the basics of citing sources using Kate Turabian’s
A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (seventh edition).
Kate Turabian created her first “manual” in 1937 as a means of simplifying for students
The Chicago Manual of Style; the seventh edition of Turabian is based on the 15th edition of the Chicago Manual.
For types of resources not covered in this guide (e.g., government documents, manuscript collections,
video recordings) and for further information, please consult the websites listed at the end of this
guide, the handbook itself (LAU Ref Desk, LB 2369 .T8 2007) or a reference librarian.

The 15th or newer edition of The Chicago Manual of Style recommends that researchers in the natural
and social sciences adopt a parenthetical reference (or “author-date”) style in combination with an
alphabetically arranged reference list for documenting sources. For footnote or endnote style,
please refer to the separate guide Turabian Footnote/Endnote Style. It is best to consult with your
professor to determine the preferred citation style.

PARENTHETICAL REFERENCES
Parenthetical references should include the author’s name, the date of publication and the page number(s) to which you refer. Examples:
Charles Hullmandel experimented with lithographic techniques throughout the early nineteenth century,
patenting the “lithotint” process in 1840 (Twyman 1970, 145-146).

Human beings are the sources of “all international politics”; even though the holders of
political power may change, this remains the same (Hudson 1997, 5).
If there is no page number, leave it out. If there is no author, use the title.

REFERENCE LIST

Books
Include some or all of the following elements for each complete bibliographic citation in your reference list, in this order:

  1. Author or editor;
  2. Year of publication;
  3. Title (capitalize titles and subtitles using sentence style; for example: Social theory as science: A brief inquiry);
  4. Compiler, translator or editor (if listed in addition to an author);
  5. Edition;
  6. Name of series, including volume or number used;
  7. Place of publication and publisher.

One Author or Editor, or Corporate Author
Hudson, Valerie N., ed. 1997. Culture and foreign policy. Boulder: L. Rienner Publishers.

Twyman, Michael.1970. Lithography 1800-1850. London: Oxford University Press.
UNICEF. 1999. Generation in jeopardy: Children in Central and Eastern Europe and theformer
Soviet Union. Edited by Alexander Zouev. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe.

Two or More Authors or Editors
Keat, Russell, and John Urry. 1982. Social theory as science. 2d. ed. London: Routledge.

Meyer, Leonard B., Kendall Walton, Albert Hofstadter, Svetlana Alpers, George Kubler,
Richard Wolheim, Monroe Beardsley, Seymour Chatman, Ann Banfield, and Hayden White.
1979. The concept of style. Edited by Berel Lang. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Electronic Books
Follow the guidelines for print books, adding collection (if there is one), URL and date accessed.

Rae, John. 1834. Statement of some new principles on the subject of political economy. Boston: Hillard, Gray and Company.
In The Making of the Modern World,
http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/MOME?af=RN&ae=U104874605&srchtp=a&ste=14 (accessed June 22, 2012).

Journal Articles
For an article available in more than one format (print, online, etc.), cite whichever one you used.
Include some or all of the following elements in your reference list citations, in this order:

  1. Author;
  2. Year of publication;
  3. Article title (capitalize titles and subtitles using sentence style; for example: Aristotle on metaphor);
  4. Periodical title;
  5. Volume or Issue number (or both);
  6. Page numbers.
    For online periodicals, add:

  7. URL and date of access, or;
  8. Database name, URL and date of access (if available, include database publisher and city of publication).

Print
Freedman, Lawrence. 1998. The changing roles of military conflict. Survival 40, no. 4: 39-56.
Kirby, John T. 1997. Aristotle on metaphor. American Journal of Philology 118: 517-554.

Online
Mallan, Kerry, and Natasha Giardina. 2009. Wikidentities: Young people collaborating on
virtual identities in social network sites. First Monday 14, no. 6 (June).
http://www.uic.edu/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/2445/2213 (accessed June 22, 2009).

Accessed Through an Online Database
Gaskill, Malcolm. 2008. The pursuit of reality: Recent research into the history of witchcraft.
Historical Journal 51, no. 4: 1069-1088. America: History & Life, EBSCOhost (accessed June 22, 2009).

Magazine Articles
For an article available in more than one format (print, online, etc.), cite whichever one you used.

Print
Goldberger, Paul. 1996. Machines for living: The architectonic allure of the automobile. Architectural Digest (October): 82.

Online
Dickey, Christopher. 2008. Reflecting on race barriers. Newsweek, November 15.
http://www.newsweek.com/id/169302 (accessed June 22, 2009).

Accessed Through an Online Database
Schlesinger Jr., Arthur M. 1966. McCarthyism is threatening us again. Saturday Evening Post 239, no. 17: 10-12.
Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed June 23, 2009).

Websites
In most cases, you will be citing something smaller than an entire website.
If you are citing an article from a website, for example, follow the guidelines for articles above.
You can usually refer to an entire website in running text without including it in your reference
list, e.g.: “According to its website, the Financial Accounting Board requires …”.

If you need to cite an entire website in your reference list, include some or all of the following elements, in this order:

  1. Author or editor of the website (if known)
  2. Title of the website
  3. URL
  4. Date of access
    Example:
    Financial Accounting Standards Board. http://www.fasb.org (accessed April 29, 2009).

Submission checklist
The following list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending
it to the journal for review. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item.

Ensure that the following items are present:
One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:

  • E-mail address
  • Full postal address
  • Phone numbers
  • All necessary files have been uploaded, and contain:
  • Keywords
  • All figure captions
  • All tables (including title, description, footnotes)
  • Further considerations
  • Manuscript has been ‘spell-checked’ and ‘grammar-checked’
  • References are in the correct format for this journal
  • All references mentioned are cited in the text, and vice versa
  • Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Web)
  • Color figures are clearly marked as being intended for color reproduction on the Web (free of charge) and in print, or to be reproduced in color on the Web (free of charge) and in black-and-white in print
  • If only color on the Web is required, black-and-white versions of the figures are also supplied for printing purposes

Proofs
One set of page proofs (as PDF files) will be sent by e-mail to the corresponding author
(if we do not have an e-mail address then paper proofs will be sent by post) or, a link will
be provided in the e-mail so that authors can download the files themselves.
Journal of Water and Energy Security now provides authors with PDF proofs which can be annotated;
for this you will need to download Adobe Reader version 7 (or higher) available free from http://get.adobe.com/reader.
The exact system requirements are given at the Adobe site: http://www.adobe.com/products/reader/tech-specs.html.

If you do not wish to use the PDF annotations function, you may list the corrections
(including replies to the Query Form) and return them to Journal of Water and Energy
Security in an e-mail. Please list your corrections quoting line number. If, for any reason,
this is not possible, then mark the corrections and any other comments (including replies to
the Query Form) on a printout of your proof and return by fax, or scan the pages and e-mail,
or by post. Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness
and correctness of the text, tables and figures. Significant changes to the article as accepted
for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor.
We will do everything possible to get your article published quickly and accurately –
please let us have all your corrections within 48 hours. It is important to ensure that
all corrections are sent back to us in one communication: please check carefully before
replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofreading
is solely your responsibility. Note that Journal of Water and Energy Security may proceed
with the publication of your article if no response is received.

Offprints
The corresponding author, at no cost, will be provided with a PDF file of the article via e-mail
(the PDF file is a watermarked version of the published article and includes a cover sheet
with the journal cover image and a disclaimer outlining the terms and conditions of use).

Author Inquiries
For inquiries relating to the submission of articles (including electronic submission)
please visit this journal’s homepage at www.jwaes.org. The journal
may also be accessed from www.jwaes.org or email journal@jwaes.org.